Television, computers, internet and social media did not exist. The Division of Pictorial Publicity was highly recognized for its contribution to the war effort. The CPI encouraged others to join the war-propaganda mission. Patriotic songs were created, including George M. All branches of the military produced war propaganda materials to recruit young men for military service. Famous songwriter and composer of stage and screen musicals from the end of World War I up until the late s. Many of his songs are still popular today and he is regarded as one of the greatest American songwriters of all time.
Army and served as a rifleman in the 15 th New York Infantry Regiment. Film director, producer, entrepreneur, screenwriter, animator, philanthropist and theme-park designer. Disney tried to enlist in the U. Army in but was rejected because he was only 16 years old. Instead, he joined the Red Cross and spent a year on the Western Front as an ambulance driver. During World War I, he enlisted in the U. Navy and served on the transport vessel U. At the time the United States entered the war, it had a very small, ill-equipped military force.
Artists and illustrators designed recruiting posters which flooded the country, enticing men to voluntarily enlist in the service branches. In order to build an adequate fighting force, Congress passed the Selective Service Act on May 18, This law required all men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military duty. By the end of the war, 2.
To help prepare American soldiers stationed abroad during the war, pamphlets and booklets containing language translations and information on local currency were issued. The Victor Talking Machine Company developed tutorial foreign-language recordings, including associated translation booklets, to teach French to American soldiers deployed to France. Providing opportunities for entertainment was a way to keep the troops in high spirits. American soldiers craved reading materials and enjoyed listening to music as a means of temporarily escaping the war-time conditions. In addition to providing a means of diversion, these libraries served to combat low literacy rates, a concern among U.
It is estimated that between and , 7 million to 10 million books and magazines were distributed for use by the troops. The Wilson administration knew the Great War would come with a large price tag. Regardless of their financial means, a high percentage of Americans bought Liberty Loan Bonds. The U. American women already had the right to vote in several states by , but the federal suffrage movement continued throughout the war, and just a few years later in , the 19th Amendment to the U.
Constitution was ratified, giving women the right to vote across America. When millions of men were sent into the military, the drain on the labor pool created a need for new workers, a need that only women could fill. Suddenly, women were able to break into jobs in truly significant numbers, some of which were ones they had previously been frozen out of, like heavy industry, munitions, and police work. This opportunity was recognized as temporary during the war and not sustained when the war came to a close. Women were frequently forced out of jobs that were given to returning soldiers, and the wages women had been paid were always lower than those of men.
Even before the War, women in the United States were becoming more vocal about their right to be an equal part of the workforce, and in , the National Women's Trade Union League was founded to help protect women workers. During the War, though, women in the States were given positions generally reserved for men and entered into clerical positions, sales, and garment and textile factories for the first time.
Images of women were used in propaganda beginning early in the war. Posters and later cinema were vital tools for the state to promote a vision of the war as one in which soldiers were shown defending women, children, and their homeland. Women were often presented on recruiting posters applying moral and sexual pressure on men to join up or else be diminished. Furthermore, some posters presented young and sexually attractive women as rewards for soldiers doing their patriotic duty.
For instance, the U. Navy's " I Want You " poster by Howard Chandler Christy, which implies that the girl in the image wants the soldier for herself even though the poster says " Women were also the targets of propaganda. At the start of the war, posters encouraged them to remain calm, content, and proud while their menfolk went off to fight; later the posters demanded the same obedience that was expected of men to do what was necessary to support the nation.
Women also became a representation of the nation: Britain and France had characters known as Britannia and Marianne, respectively, tall, beautiful, and strong goddesses as political shorthand for the countries now at war. Few women served on the front lines fighting, but there were exceptions. While there were several battalions, only one actively fought in the war and captured enemy soldiers. Armed combat was typically restricted to men, but women were near and sometimes on the front lines , acting as nurses caring for the considerable number of wounded, or as drivers, particularly of ambulances.
While Russian nurses were supposed to have been kept away from the battlefront, a significant number died from enemy fire, as did nurses of all nationalities. In the United States, women were allowed to serve in military hospitals domestically and abroad and were even able to enlist to work in clerical positions in the United States to free up men to go to the front. Over 21, female Army nurses and 1, Navy nurses served during World War I for the United States, and over 13, were enlisted to work on active duty with the same rank, responsibility, and pay as men who were sent off to war.https://terderprucbimind.ml/politica/feeling-little-in-a-big-world.pdf
Peacekeeper Wars: Part 2
A symbol is one thing that represents another. One use of symbols is to remind us of our important commitments. Israel practiced the law of sacrifice for a similar reason. Similarly, the Lord commanded wandering Israel to fringe the borders of their garments so that when they looked upon the fringes they would be reminded of the commandments of the Lord see v.
Clothing is used to cover, protect, and beautify. To put fringes on an article of clothing symbolized that an individual is clothed, or covered, with the commandments of God. The ribbon of blue also symbolically suggested concepts of deep importance. Blue signifies the heavens and so symbolizes the spiritual realm or godliness see Fallows, Bible Encyclopedia, s.
Up to this time, Israel was constantly murmuring and complaining, but apparently this was a greater attempt to replace Moses as the one chosen by God to lead His people. Had the insurrection been led by just any Israelite, it would have been serious enough, but Korah was a Levite, one who held the holy priesthood, and should therefore have been one of those in the forefront of obedience rather than of rebellion.
Instead of having a sense of awe and gratitude that he had the honor of being a Levite, Korah and those with him sought to take the higher priesthood and the leadership of Israel unto themselves. This was a serious crisis in the political and religious life of Israel, and the Lord chose to deal with it in a direct and dramatic manner.
The Lord commanded both Aaron and the legitimate priesthood holders and Korah and those who followed him to bring censers and incense to the tabernacle. A censer was a small metal container made to hold hot coals taken from the altar of the tabernacle. During the tabernacle service, the officiating priest was required to sprinkle incense on the burning coals on the altar of incense, which stood directly in front of the veil of the tabernacle.
Other scriptures indicate that the burning of incense was a symbol of prayer see Revelation ; —4 ; Psalm , suggesting that God can only be approached in holy supplication. In that instance, false worshipers were asked to call upon God for a sign that Baal had power.
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Here, Korah and his supporters were asked to bring fire before the Lord as a symbol of their prayers and supplication for His support of their cause. Instead, the earth opened up and swallowed the leaders of the rebellion see Numbers —33 , and fire came down and consumed the other two hundred and fifty who presumed to take priesthood power unto themselves see v. One cannot help but stand in disbelief at the hardness of the hearts of Israel.
Yet, in the face of that miraculous power, they murmured and said that Moses and Aaron had killed the true servants of the Lord see v. One also cannot help but marvel at the patience and long-suffering of the Lord. In the rebellion against the leadership of Moses and Aaron, the Lord gave two miraculous demonstrations that showed Israel without question whom He had chosen to lead His people.
First, Korah and those who joined him in the rebellion were killed by being either swallowed in the earth or consumed by fire. The scriptures state that nearly fifteen thousand people died trying to prove that Moses and Aaron were not the ones who should lead Israel. Then the Lord offered one more miracle to further demonstrate who was chosen to hold the priesthood. Bible scholars have explained the significance of this miracle in this way:. The choice of the rods had also a bearing upon the object in question. As a severed branch, the rod could not put forth shoots and blossom in a natural way.
But God could impart new vital powers even to the dry rod. And so Aaron had naturally no preeminence above the heads of the other tribes. But the priesthood was founded not upon natural qualifications and gifts, but upon the power of the Spirit, which God communicates according to the choice of His wisdom, and which He had imparted to Aaron through his consecration with holy anointing oil. This showed that Aaron was not only qualified for his calling, but administered his office in the full power of the Spirit, and bore the fruit expected of him. Jeremiah ]. Here a distinction is made between the two orders of the Aaronic Priesthood.
The Levites performed the housekeeping chores of the tabernacle, such as filling and lighting the lamps, carrying the ark of the covenant, assembling and disassembling the tabernacle, and so forth. Presiding over all the priests, or sons of Aaron, was a firstborn son.
Those selected to minister in the offices of priest and Levite were to be supported from the tithes and offerings made by the children of Israel see Numbers , These, like everything else in Israel, were to be tithed see v. In addition, the Levites had to have a place to live.
They were not given land as the other tribes were because their inheritance was the priesthood instead see v. This Levitical inheritance was provided when the land of Canaan was conquered under Joshua see Joshua Anciently, an Israelite who had been in the presence of one who died or had been dead was held to be defiled see Reading This chapter in Numbers describes the way in which such a person was purified.
First, a red heifer was slain, burned, and the ashes laid aside. Then the ashes were placed in pure water and the mixture sprinkled upon those who had been defiled. Much vital symbolism can be found in this ordinance. Rebellion among the children of Israel was not at all uncommon in their desert wanderings.
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The rebellion described in these verses, however, was especially serious because it apparently led Moses, the prophet of God, to momentarily forget what the Lord had commanded him to do. The Lord had told Moses to provide water for murmuring Israel in a special way.
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But Moses was weary and angry with Israel. The Lord then chided Moses and Aaron for their failure to sanctify Him in the eyes of the people and told both men that neither of them would be allowed to bring Israel into the promised land see v. This incident, taken together with other scripture, creates a number of questions. Did Moses really sin against the Lord?
Was that the reason Moses was not permitted to enter the promised land? Did Moses really assume glory to himself, or was he simply angry with the lack of faith exhibited by the children of Israel? Was this one error enough to cancel out years of great faith, obedience, and devotion? At least two other Old Testament passages indicate that Moses did sin in striking the rock at Meribah see Numbers —14 ; Deuteronomy — Other passages, however, help to clarify the matter.
This statement could imply that there were reasons other than the error of Moses for the prohibition. Two other facts strengthen this supposition. Second, Moses was translated when his mortal ministry was finished see Alma In other words, Moses was privileged to enter a land of promise far greater than the land of Canaan. He had finished his calling in mortality, and a new leader was to take Israel into the promised land.
There was therefore a blood relationship between the two peoples. The things that Moses said imply that the Edomite king was well aware of the relationship. Still, he refused to let the Israelites pass through his lands.